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Strategic Guide to Supply Chain Relocation to Vietnam for Developed Nations

In recent years, an increasing number of international corporations, notably from developed countries like the United States, have been shifting their production lines to Vietnam. This trend is fueled by various economic pressures and geopolitical shifts, including the U.S.-China trade war that erupted in January 2018. This disruption prompted a reevaluation of global supply chains, leading firms to explore alternative manufacturing hubs. Vietnam has emerged as a prominent destination due to its competitive advantages in labor costs and strategic location. This guide will delve into the critical steps U.S. enterprises should consider when transferring their supply chains to Vietnam, addressing challenges and strategic insights to optimize relocation efforts.


Step 1: Selecting Production Lines to Transfer

The decision to move production involves a meticulous assessment of current operations and potential locales. U.S. firms might adopt the “China + 1” strategy, where Vietnam serves as an alternative or complementary base to existing Chinese operations. This approach is suitable for companies seeking cost reductions in basic manufacturing and assembly. However, if the production process is complex, it is crucial to undertake comprehensive research on Vietnam’s labor force, supply chain networks, and infrastructure to ensure viability. Furthermore, companies planning to export from Vietnam must ensure their products meet local origin criteria and understand the associated tariffs and trade regulations.


Step 2: Choosing an Entry Strategy

Entering the Vietnamese market can take multiple forms:

Outsourcing: The quickest strategy for supply chain reconfiguration is outsourcing manufacturing to local factories. This requires no physical presence in Vietnam but depends heavily on reliable local suppliers and logistics partners.

Establishing New Production Lines: For companies aiming for long-term presence, setting up new production facilities offers control over operations. This option requires understanding Vietnam’s investment climate and conducting several site visits to assess potential locations and infrastructure.

Acquisitions and Mergers (M&A): Acquiring an existing local company can fast-track market entry, offering immediate access to operational factories, a skilled workforce, and established market networks. The M&A strategy requires due diligence to navigate Vietnam’s non-transparent legal and financial systems.


Step 3: Selecting the Best Investment Location

Vietnam is divided into three key economic regions, each offering distinct advantages for foreign investors: 

Northern KER: Includes major provinces like Hanoi and Hai Phong, ideal for industries needing quick access to Chinese parts and materials. 

Central KER: Covers areas like Da Nang and offers a less competitive investment environment with lower costs due to its emerging market status. 

Southern KER: Encompasses bustling economic centers like Ho Chi Minh City, suitable for industries targeting diverse sectors and consumer markets.


As companies from developed countries like the U.S. continue to explore Vietnam as a viable manufacturing hub, it is imperative to approach this transition with a strategic framework. By understanding the necessary steps—from selecting appropriate production lines and entry strategies to choosing the optimal location—businesses can effectively navigate the complexities of supply chain relocation. This guide serves as a foundational resource for U.S. enterprises considering Vietnam as their next operational frontier, providing insights that pave the way for successful integration into the Vietnamese market.

This detailed exploration not only highlights the logistical considerations but also underscores the economic incentives and market dynamics that make Vietnam an attractive destination for supply chain diversification.


Why Gonex?

Gonex stands at the forefront of global HR services, with established 10+ legal entities and operations across numerous countries. Our strength lies in forging in-depth relationships with local partners, ensuring clients receive top-notch services in their international ventures. Our Overseas Employment Management Delivery team, composed of seasoned HR professionals, brings years of expertise to the table, steering clients clear of pitfalls and guiding them to their goals with ease. We specialize in mastering complex employment regulations, managing seamless payroll systems, and ensuring strict compliance. Leveraging AI-driven solutions, Gonex not only simplifies international payments but also minimizes risks and secures global compliance. Embrace the convenience of unified payments, the thoroughness of our onboarding process, and the precision of our offboarding procedures. For companies looking to expand globally, Gonex EOR Services offers a sustainable, efficient path to success.


GONEX One-Stop Solution: Your strategic partner

In navigating these challenges, GONEX offers comprehensive solutions tailored to the needs of overseas companies expanding into Vietnam:

Compliance and Legal Adherence: GONEX’s Employer of Record (EOR) service ensures legal compliance in employing local staff.

Cross-Border Payroll and Tax Management: Streamlined payroll services simplify cross-border management.

Flexible Employment Solutions: Adaptable employment services cater to changing business needs.

International Talent Dispatch: Support services facilitate the dispatch of key talent to Thailand.

Digital HR Management Platform: Technology-driven solutions enhance management efficiency and cultural integration.

At Gonex, we pride ourselves on our Employer of Record (EOR) services, meticulously crafted to support your company’s global expansion. We span a diverse array of over 130+ countries, providing comprehensive solutions from payroll to compliance. Our services are not only extensive in scope but also cost-effective, ensuring that you receive the best value for your international operations.

We understand the essence of time in business, which is why our response rate is second to none. Our seasoned professionals are available around the clock to address your queries, ensuring timely and knowledgeable solutions. With Gonex, you can expect a smooth and efficient onboarding process, reliable and unified payment systems, and meticulous offboarding procedures. Our global coverage is extensive, yet our services are tailored to meet the unique needs of each local market.

In addition to our extensive global reach and exceptional service, Gonex also leads the market with our competitive pricing. When compared to our peers, we are proud to offer our comprehensive Employer of Record services at prices that are over 20% more affordable. This significant cost advantage doesn’t come at the expense of quality or coverage; rather, it’s a testament to our commitment to delivering unparalleled value to our clients.

Choose Gonex and unlock a world of financial savvy with our Employer of Record services, designed to be over 20% more cost-effective than our competitors. With our streamlined processes and robust global partnerships, we deliver top-notch international employment solutions without overstretching your budget. Entrust us with the complexities of global HR and refocus your resources on growing your core business. Partner with Gonex for an affordable, efficient path to worldwide expansion, and steer your business confidently towards new opportunities and horizons.

Let Gonex assist you and your company with handling such complex overseas hiring processes! To access more information on corporate international expansion cases, global employment guidelines, worldwide compensation management, regulations for various regional countries, and factory establishment manuals in different nations, you are welcome to visit the GONEX official website at www.letsgonex.com to download these resources or view our company’s business introduction in PDF format (https://letsgonex.com/in.pdf).

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